What is a Butterfly Valve?

May. 17, 2024

A butterfly valve is a crucial component in various industrial applications, designed to regulate the flow of liquids and gases. Recognized for their versatility and efficiency, butterfly valves are used extensively in sectors ranging from water treatment and chemical processing to oil and gas industries. As a leading manufacturer of high-quality valves, Yaxing, based in Botou City, China, offers a comprehensive range of butterfly valves tailored to meet diverse operational requirements.

How Butterfly Valves Work

A butterfly valve consists of a circular disc or vane, positioned in the center of a pipe. This disc is connected to an actuator or handle via a rod. When the handle is turned, the disc rotates perpendicular or parallel to the flow of the medium. In the closed position, the disc is perpendicular to the flow, effectively blocking it. When the valve is open, the disc is rotated parallel to the flow, allowing the medium to pass through with minimal obstruction.

Key Components of Butterfly Valves

1. Valve Body: Encases the disc and the stem, typically made from durable materials such as stainless steel, cast iron, or PVC to withstand various environmental conditions.

2. Disc: The disc is the key element that regulates flow. It can be made from different materials depending on the application, including stainless steel, aluminum, or elastomers.

3. Stem: Connects the disc to the actuator. The stem can be designed to prevent leakage and provide secure attachment to the disc.

4. Seat: Provides a seal between the disc and the valve body to prevent leakage. The seat is usually made from soft materials like rubber or Teflon, enhancing the seal's effectiveness.

5. Actuator: The mechanism that operates the valve. Actuators can be manual (lever or gear-operated) or automated (electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic).

Yaxing Wafer Butterfly Valve With Two-Half Shaft DN40-DN1200

What are the three types of butterfly valves?

1. Wafer Type Butterfly Valve

The wafer type is the most common butterfly valve design. It is designed to fit between two pipe flanges and is held in place by bolts spanning from flange to flange. The wafer style is lightweight and cost-effective. It is primarily used to prevent backflow in unidirectional flow systems, where the valve is sandwiched between two pipeline flanges.

Key Features:

  • Simple design

  • Lightweight

  • Cost-effective

  • Suitable for tight spaces

2. Lug Type Butterfly Valve

Lug type butterfly valves have threaded inserts (lugs) around the valve body, which allow them to be bolted to the pipe flanges. This design enables the valve to be installed in systems where one side can be disconnected without disturbing the other side. It provides a secure mounting, making it possible to perform maintenance on one side of the piping system without shutting down the entire system.

Key Features:

  • Secure mounting

  • Allows for pipe disconnection on one side

  • Suitable for dead-end service

  • More robust than wafer type

3. Double Offset (High-Performance) Butterfly Valve

Double offset butterfly valves, also known as high-performance butterfly valves, have two offsets from the centerline. The first offset is where the shaft is positioned slightly behind the centerline of the disc, and the second offset is where the shaft is off-center to the pipe and valve body. This design reduces the friction and wear between the disc and the seat, leading to a longer service life and a tighter seal. They are ideal for applications requiring more stringent shutoff and where higher pressures and temperatures are involved.

Key Features:

  • Reduced friction and wear

  • Enhanced durability

  • Tighter seal

  • Suitable for high-pressure and high-temperature applications

Yaxing Lug Butterfly Valve DN50-DN300

Advantages of Butterfly Valves

Butterfly valves offer several benefits, making them a preferred choice in many industries:

1. Compact and Lightweight: Their simple design and fewer components make them easier to install and maintain compared to other valve types.

2. Cost-Effective: Generally more affordable than gate or ball valves, especially in larger sizes.

3. Quick Operation: A 90-degree rotation of the handle or actuator opens or closes the valve, allowing for rapid flow control.

4. Versatility: Suitable for a wide range of applications, including both high-pressure and high-temperature environments.

5. Energy Efficient: When fully open, the disc does not obstruct the flow, minimizing pressure drop and energy loss.

Applications of Butterfly Valves

Due to their efficiency and reliability, butterfly valves are employed in various applications:

  • Water Treatment Plants: For controlling water flow and isolation.

  • Chemical Industry: Handling corrosive substances and managing process flows.

  • Oil and Gas: Used in pipelines for crude oil, natural gas, and refined products.

  • HVAC Systems: Regulating air flow in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.

Why Choose Yaxing Butterfly Valves?

Yaxing is renowned for manufacturing high-quality butterfly valves, designed to meet stringent industry standards. Based in Botou City, a hub for industrial valve production, Yaxing leverages advanced technology and skilled craftsmanship to produce valves that ensure optimal performance and longevity. Our commitment to excellence and customer satisfaction has made us a trusted name in the valve industry.

For more information on our range of butterfly valves and to find the right solution for your needs, welcome to contact us.

By understanding the essential features and benefits of butterfly valves, industries can make informed decisions to enhance their operational efficiency. Yaxing's expertise and innovation in valve manufacturing ensure that you receive products that are reliable, durable, and perfectly suited to your specific requirements.

Botou Yaxing Fluid Equipment Co., Ltd. specializes in providing design, development, and manufacturing services for the water valve industry. We produce high-quality valve products.

+86 186 3170 8948

No.4 Road Botou Industrial Zone, Cangzhou City Hebei Province, China

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